Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, who graduated at the top of the Class of 1959 at Columbia Law School and became its first tenured women professor in 1972, returned to campus for a celebration of the 25th anniversary of her investiture to the U.S. Supreme Court.
On Friday, September 21, at an afternoon discussion on impact litigation—the strategic process Ginsburg used in the 1970s while teaching at Columbia to bring six landmark anti-discrimination cases before the Supreme Court—she spoke candidly to more than 1,000 students, alumni, faculty, judges, and other guests. Afterward, at a private dinner at Low Memorial Library, she was lionized not only as a trailblazing gender-equality advocate, litigator, scholar, and judge but also as a compassionate colleague, mentor, mother, and friend.
After listening to tributes from Columbia Law School Dean Gillian Lester, NPR legal correspondent Nina Totenberg, former clerk and director of the NYC Mayor's Office of Criminal Justice Elizabeth Glazer ’86, Chief Judge Robert Katzmann of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 2nd Circuit, and Supreme Court Associate Justice Elena Kagan, Ginsburg was visibly moved by the evening. “What can I say about it?” she said. “I will remember it for the rest of my life.”
For the Columbia community, it was an unforgettable day. At the panel discussion, Ginsburg fielded questions about the confirmation process for Supreme Court justices, the importance of public opinion in equal rights cases, and the future of impact litigation vis-à-vis legislation. When asked about the most difficult case she had to decide during her years on the Supreme Court, Justice Ginsburg said that all death penalties cause her “tremendous anxiety,” especially the 11th-hour stays. “If I were a queen, there would be no death penalty,” she said, a remark that made news.
In her speech at the dinner, the justice paid homage to the six other Columbians who preceded her on the High Court—from John Jay, the first chief justice of the United States, to Associate Justice William O. Douglas, Class of 1925, who sat on the court from 1939 to 1975 and holds the record for longest service.
“I will not pass Justice Douglas’s long tenure on the court,” said Ginsburg somewhat wistfully, reminding the audience that she was 60-years-old when President Bill Clinton appointed her. “But I take heart from my senior colleague Justice John Paul Stevens who stepped down at age 90. My hope and expectation, if my physical and mental fitness holds up, is to stay in office at least that long.”
Dean Lester called Ginsburg “my personal hero,” adding Ginsburg has had an “enduring effect” on the Law School community. Each dinner guest received a commemorative book that the Law School produced for the occasion, which featured previously unpublished letters, memos, and photographs from the Columbia archives.
“Justice Ginsburg’s work has, for more than half a century, called on us to sit up and take notice of social practices whose familiarity had made us complacent,” said the Dean. “She challenges us not only to notice but to speak up and act on the values we espouse. This is the standard Justice Ginsburg has set for each of us.”
Here are more highlights of the historic day.
“ This is just the quintessential law school experience. You can see a sitting Supreme Court justice who actually attended your law school,” said Cole Campbell, ’21 (above center), who was among the first in line to get into Lerner Hall for the conversation between Dean Lester and Justice Ginsburg and the panel discussion on impact litigation.
Columbia Law Professor Gillian Metzger ’96, who clerked for Ginsburg on the Supreme Court in 1997-1998, moderated the panel discussion on impact litigation. In addition to Ginsburg, the panelists were Lee Gelernt ’88, deputy director of the ACLU Immigrants’ Rights Project, Olatunde Johnson, the Jerome B. Sherman Professor of Law at Columbia Law School, and Nancy Northup ’88, the president and CEO of the Center for Reproductive Rights.
In a Q&A with Dean Lester, Ginsburg spoke about her time at Columbia, including the successful campaign she, as a new faculty member, waged against the University in 1972 when it laid off 25 maids but not a single janitor. She also recounted that she landed her first job because Columbia Law School Professor Gerald Gunther persuaded U.S. District Court Judge Edmund Palmieri '29 to hire her as a clerk. “For women of my generation, the challenge was to get that first job because most legal employers wanted no lady lawyer,” said Ginsburg.
Ginsburg exhorted students to devote at least part of their careers to public service: “If all you are going to do with your law degree is turn over a buck for a paying client, then you will be very much like a plumber. You have a skill that you can do. But if you are a true professional, you will use your degree to make things a little better for other people.”
Ginsburg greeted Columbia University President Emeritus Michael I. Sovern ’55; as Columbia Law School Dean, Sovern appointed her to its faculty.
NPR’s Totenberg, a longtime friend of the justice, was the emcee for the dinner. “She’s not just a fabulous justice, a fabulous legal thinker, and a brilliant writer,” said Totenberg. “She is the definition of a mensch.”
“You heard from some other speakers about her ‘pathmarking’ litigation for gender equality,” said Justice Kagan. “Do you think that’s a word? If you’re a Justice Ginsburg clerk you know it’s a word even though it actually appears in no dictionary that I have ever been able to find . . . Every RBG opinion has the word pathmarking in it. So I’m going to say that Justice Ginsburg invented this word in order to describe herself.”
As special counsel to Sen. Daniel Patrick Moynihan for Ginsburg’s Supreme Court confirmation hearing in 1993, Judge Katzmann befriended the future justice as he escorted her to meetings with senators. “Ruth Bader Ginsburg is a friend to many and in many ways,” he said. “She is a friend to the rule of law . . . She is a loyal friend who places others ahead of her own convenience. ”
Glazer, a friend of Jane Ginsburg since they were both seven years old, recalled Ginsburg working on briefs in the dining room of her apartment “in a white brick building on East 69th Street that in the 1960s was HQ for a seismic change in our country’s jurisprudence.” She was awed by Jane’s father, Marty, too. “Mr. and Mrs. Ginsburg lived a life of Don Draper glamour and mystery,” said Glazer who clerked for Ginsburg when she was a judge on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit.
Columbia Law Professor Jane Ginsburg introduced her mother at the gala, calling her the “super diva of the workout, star of stage and screen.”
At the end of the evening, Dean Lester presented Justice Ginsburg with a photograph of a lace collar made of tiny interlocking 25s to mark her anniversary on the court. The Law School commissioned another collar from the last existing lace guild in New York City. “All good things take time, and our lacemaker is busy as we speak working on the lace collar,” Dean Lester said. “But it will be delivered to the Supreme Court, and we hope you will wear it as a token of Columbia’s enormous admiration and affection for you.”
(Left to right) Nina Totenberg, Judge Robert Katzmann, Justice Elena Kagan, Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Dean Gillian Lester, and Elizabeth Glazer
To view more photos of the panel and reception, please visit our Flickr or scroll through the galleries below.