Science, Health, and Information Clinic

Columbia Law’s Science, Health, and Information Clinic serves the public interest by fighting for—and winning—more equitable access to scientific, technical, and medical knowledge and to the benefits that flow from that knowledge.

The Science, Health, and Information Clinic strives to address legal needs unmet by public interest legal organizations and other law school clinics. Students, under faculty supervision, provide pro bono legal services to activists and organizers, scientific and medical researchers, patient and consumer groups, nonprofit organizations, and other clients. Exemplary organizations that Chris and his past clinic students have partnered with include Public CitizenDoctors Without Borders, and the Open Source Hardware Association. The Science, Health, and Information Clinic has ongoing attorney-client relationships with PrEP4All, Universities Allied for Essential Medicines, and other advocacy and activist groups committed to ensuring equitable access to medicines and other health care. 

Founded in 2021 by Associate Clinical Professor of Law Chris Morten, the clinic will begin enrolling students in spring 2022.

Student Experiences and Outcomes

The Science, Health, and Information Clinic provides Columbia Law students with rich, hands-on lawyering experience representing these clients. The clinic endeavors to nurture ethical, creative, and independent student attorneys prepared to practice in emerging areas of law, science, and technology—areas that are increasingly critical to our economy, our society, and our health. 

Student attorneys:

  • Own their projects and become their clients’ primary points of contact. 
  • Work directly with their clients to help them define and achieve their goals. 
  • Learn to use a wide array of legal tools to meet their clients’ legal needs. These include client counseling; research and advocacy to legislators, policymakers, and the broader public; litigation; amicus briefs; petitions and comments to administrative agencies; licenses and other contracts; and Freedom of Information Act requests. 
  • Are immersed in the many doctrines of law that shape science, health, and information, including intellectual property law, data privacy law, administrative and regulatory law, health law, and freedom of information law. 

In the Field

Fieldwork is student-led, under faculty supervision; student attorneys in the clinic fully inhabit the role of the lawyer, gaining real-world experience. For example, they: 

  • Interview clients to understand their values and goals.
  • Help clients develop and implement a long-term legal strategy. 
  • Advise clients on key decisions.
  • Organize and lead meetings with clients, policymakers, and civil society coalitions.
  • Conduct factual and legal research, writing, editing, negotiating, planning, oral advocacy, and other day-to-day work the fieldwork project entails. 

Every semester, the clinic takes on a diverse set of fieldwork projects that offers students broad exposure to different areas of science, technology, law, and policy, even as student attorneys immerse themselves deeply in one or two projects of their own. Students are matched to their fieldwork projects based on their personal interests and career goals. 

Every fieldwork project begins from square one and assumes no specific substantive knowledge beyond 1L courses. Students must lawyer creatively and courageously—there is usually no blueprint, no playbook to follow. This can be challenging as well as liberating.

Students quickly mature from novices into experts on fast-moving, timely issues. Students set their individual learning goals at the beginning of each semester and reflect frequently on their progress as they experiment, practice, and grow. 

The clinic’s fieldwork is broken into three primary strands, outlined below.

Increasing access to medicines, vaccines, diagnostics, and other medical technologies.

In prior clinics, students have worked with Morten to:

  • Collaborate with PrEP4All to advocate that the U.S. government bring a first-of-its-kind patent infringement lawsuit against a brand-name drug company to recoup public investment in HIV research.
  • Challenge, on behalf of PrEP4All, a drug company’s efforts to extend its patent monopoly on HIV prevention medication by filing an administrative petition at the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.
  • Work with PrEP4All to publish a practical white paper that explains how federal policymakers could employ a long-standing but neglected federal statute—28 U.S.C. § 1498—to use privately held patents on the public’s behalf and thereby lower drug prices.
  • Publish a report that analyzes a foundational patent on coronavirus vaccines owned by the U.S. government and advocates assertion of the patent to increase global access to COVID-19 vaccines. 

Discouraging harmful uses of science and technology, especially in health care.

In prior clinics, students have worked with Morten to:

  • Counsel ml5.js, maintainers of an open-source machine learning library, on the development of an open-source IP license and an associated living code of conduct, to discourage discriminatory and other harmful uses of artificial intelligence.
  • Submit a comment to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services identifying a gap in the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) Privacy Rule that subjects transgender, HIV-positive, and other people to discrimination in health care.

Expanding open science, data sharing, and public access to valuable scientific, technical, and medical information.

In prior clinics, students have worked with Morten to:

  • Bring and win an Administrative Procedure Act lawsuit on behalf of two medical researchers, Charles Seife and Peter Lurie, against the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, and U.S. Food and Drug Administration, to vindicate the public’s right to obtain important scientific data via the website.
  • Use the Freedom of Information Act to investigate the Food and Drug Administration’s and National Institutes of Health’s plans to enforce a federal scientific data-sharing statute, on behalf of Universities Allied for Essential Medicines.
  • Counsel Doctors Without Borders on legislative and regulatory advocacy to provide public access to information on the true costs of biomedical research.

In the Classroom

Clinic students attend twice-weekly seminars, which bridge theory and practice. Seminars prepare students for their fieldwork and for legal work after graduation. They focus on how to practice law as it exists today as well as how to reshape and use law to make society healthier, fairer, and more just.

The seminars include lectures on substantive law topics (often to provide a foundation for fieldwork); student-led presentations on emerging problems in science, technology, and information; and simulations and problem-solving workshops. 

Many seminars feature informal case rounds where student attorneys share triumphs and challenges in their fieldwork projects and brainstorm through questions as a group. Other seminars focus on lawyers’ rules of professional responsibility and explore deeper ethical questions—for example, what exactly is the public interest, and who speaks on its behalf? Seminars also invite guest speakers, who may be drawn from the worlds of journalism, activism, scientific research, government, and public interest legal organizations. 

Information for Student Applicants

The clinic is a one-semester, 7-point clinic. Interested Columbia Law School students should apply through the school’s standard process for experiential learning courses.

The clinic has two prerequisites: 

  1. Students must be curious about science, technology, information governance, and/or health care in some way.
  2. Students must be excited to represent clients who are committed to fighting for the public interest—as defined in diverse ways—in areas of law and policy where corporate and government interests often predominate. 

The clinic seeks to expand ideas of what science and technology law is and who counts as science and technology lawyers. To support that mission, no special degrees or work experience are required, and neither is any experience with any particular area of law. (Of course, students with work or educational experience in science, engineering, technology, public health, and health care are welcome to apply.) 

All clinic students, regardless of background, are encouraged to draw on their personal experiences with science, technology, and health care. 

To learn more, contact Director and Associate Clinical Professor of Law Chris Morten.

Additional Information for Prospective Clients

Individuals and organizations seeking legal help from the clinic should contact Director and Associate Clinical Professor of Law Chris Morten.

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