William A. Fletcher
Judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
Judge Fletcher was sworn in as United States Circuit Judge for the Ninth Circuit on February 1, 1999. He received a B.A. from Harvard College in 1968 in English History and Literature; a B.A. from Oxford University as a Rhodes Scholar in 1970 in English Language and Literature; and a J.D. from Yale Law School in 1975. He was honorably discharged from the United States Navy as a Lieutenant in 1972.
Judge Fletcher clerked for the Honorable William J. Brennan, Jr., of the United States Supreme Court from 1976 to 1977. He was a law professor at the University of California, Berkeley (Boalt Hall) from 1977 to 1999, specializing in Federal Courts and Jurisdiction, and in Civil Procedure. He is the author of articles in these subject areas, including “The Discretionary Constitution: Institutional Remedies and Judicial Legitimacy,” 91 Yale L.J. 635 (1982); “A Historical Interpretation of the Eleventh Amendment,” 35 Stan. L. Rev. 1003 (1983); “The General Common Law and Section 34 of the Judiciary Act of 1789,” 97 Harv. L. Rev. 1513 (1984); “The Structure of Standing,” 98 Yale L.J. 425 (1988); “The Eleventh Amendment: Unfinished Business,” 75 Notre Dame L.Rev. 843 (2000); “International Human Rights in American Courts,” 93 Va.L. Rev. 652 (2007); “International Human Rights and the Role of the United States,” 104 Nw. U. L. Rev. 293 (2010); “Congressional Power over the Jurisdiction of Federal Courts: The Meaning of the Word ‘All’ in Article III,” 59 Duke L.J. 930 (2010). He is the co-author, with Professors Geoffrey C. Hazard, Jr., Colin C. Tait, and Stephen McG. Bundy, of Pleading and Procedure: State and Federal (10th ed., Foundation Press, 2009). At the time of his retirement from Boalt Hall, he was Richard W. Jennings Professor of Law. He is a member of the American Law Institute.
Judge Fletcher is married to the former Linda Jean Morris. They have three daughters and have lived in Berkeley, California, since 1977.