Speaker: Chloé Marnay-Baszanger, Chief of the Peace Mission Section (PMSS), Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights; Practitioner-in-Residence, Columbia Law School Human Rights Institute
Faced with growing threats from armed groups with connections to Al Qaida and the Islamic State, in 2017 a group of five countries in the Sahel region of Sub-Saharan Africa known as the G5 Sahel launched a joint force to counter terrorism in the region with backing from the UN Security Council. The G5 Joint Force--comprising Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, and Niger--is part of an emerging move away from traditional UN Peacekeeping operations to regional ones supported by the the organization. While integration of human rights concerns has been taken on board by UN-led peace operations for 15 years, how these new types of operations can integrate human rights risks requires a new look. This talk will examine how the UN has developed a compliance framework to address such risks and how this might serve as a model for future regional, coalition, or bilateral peace enforcement and counterterrorism operations.
Chloé Marnay-Baszanger is the Chief of the Peace Mission Section (PMSS), Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights. Her research and recent work focus on the integration of human rights in UN Peace Operations and the response to complex conflict and asymmetric threat environment. Marnay-Baszanger served as a political affairs officer in several UN Peacekeeping Missions in Kosovo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), where she focused on rule of law, protection of civilians (POC), human rights, children and women, and drafted a policy that became the UN-wide Human Right Due Diligence Policy. As the Chief of PMSS, she led the planning and start-up deployment for UN missions in Sudan, Mali, and the Central African Republic, and human rights components and reconfiguration exercises in the DRC and Somalia, and her team led G5 negotiations to integrate protection into counter-terrorism operations, and negotiated the Joint Commitment between UN and African Union on peace operations partnerships. Prior that, Marnay-Baszanger held various positions working with human rights defenders and participated in various fact-finding missions and investigations, including in South Africa and Cambodia. She holds Master’s Degrees in International Affairs from Columbia University and Sciences PO Paris, a JD in International and Human Rights Law from Paris X, and an MPhil in Comparative History. Marnay-Baszanger is currently a Practitioner-in-Residence at the Columbia Law School Human Rights Institute.
This event is co-sponsored by the Human Rights Institute, the School of International and Public Affairs' International Organization and UN Studies specialization, Rightslink, and the Columbia Society of International Law.
All are welcome and lunch will be provided.