Panel 4: Utilization of Investment Treaties to Compel or Effectively Reverse the Enforcement of Commercial Awards
Columbia Law School, New York
Julian Arato is Associate in Law at Columbia Law School. His scholarship focuses on international investment law and international arbitration, public international law, constitutional theory, and the law of international organizations. He currently serves as Co-Chair of the International Organizations Interest Group of the American Society of International Law, and as a Fellow at the Columbia Center on Sustainable Development. Before coming to Columbia, Julian practiced as an associate at Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer, in the international arbitration group, acting on behalf of multinational companies, sovereign states and international organizations. His practice focused especially on natural resource extraction, construction, and the oil and gas sector.
Mr. Arato obtained his LL.M. in International Legal Studies from New York University School of Law and his J.D., cum laude, from New York University School of Law.
José Enrique Álvarez
New York University School of Law, New York
Professor Alvarez is the Herbert and Rose Rubin Professor of International Law at New York University Law School. Prior to coming to NYU, he was the Hamilton Fish Professor of International Law and Diplomacy and the executive director of the Center on Global Legal Problems at Columbia Law School. At NYU he teaches courses on international law, foreign investment, and international organizations. He served as President of the American Society of International Law (ASIL) from 2006-2008 and is co-editor in chief of the American Journal of International Law. Prior to entering academia on a full time basis in 1989, Professor Alvarez was an attorney adviser with the Office of the Legal Adviser of the U.S. Department of State. where he worked on cases before the Iran-U.S. Claims Tribunal, served on the negotiation teams for bilateral investment treaties and the Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement, and was the legal adviser to the administration of justice program in Latin America coordinated by the Agency of International Development.
Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton LLP, Paris
Claudia Annacker is a partner at Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton LLP. Her practice focuses on international litigation and arbitration and public international law matters, including investor-State disputes, disputes involving international organizations, State succession issues and State immunity, as well as disputes before the European Court of Human Rights. She is also visiting professor at the Paris West University Nanterre and adjunct professor at the University of Vienna. Claudia is widely published on various aspects of public international law.
She received a PhD in public international law and a venia legendi et docendi for public international law from the University of Vienna.
O. Thomas Johnson
Iran-United States Claims Tribunal, The Hague
Tom Johnson is a member of the Iran-United States Claims Tribunal in The Hague. Prior to his appointment to that tribunal in 2012, he was a partner in the law firm of Covington & Burling LLP, where his practice focused on arbitrations between States and foreign investors and land and maritime boundary disputes between States. From 2002 until 2009, Mr. Johnson was a member of the Panel of Arbitrators of the World Bank’s International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (“ICSID”), appointed by the United States. Since 2010, he has been an adjunct professor at the Columbia Law School, where he teaches a course on International Investment Law.
Before joining Covington & Burling, Mr. Johnson served in the Office of the Legal Adviser of the United States Department of State. He received both his B.A. and his J.D. from Stanford.
Miguel López Forastier
Covington & Burling LLP, Washington, DC
Miguel López Forastier is a partner at Covington & Burling LLP in Washington, DC, whose practice focuses on international arbitration and litigation. Mr. López Forastier has successfully represented a wide range of clients, including those in the oil and gas, communications, financial services, and mining industries in both investor-State and commercial arbitrations. He has been a Professorial Lecturer in Law (Arbitration) at the George Washington University Law School. He received his law degree from the Universidad del Salvador in Argentina and an LLM from The George Washington University.